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Our Publications

Ocean protection quality is lagging behind quantity: Applying a scientific framework to assess real marine protected area progress against the 30 by 30 target

Pike EP, MacCarthy JMC, Hameed SO, Harasta N, Grorud‐Colvert K, Sullivan‐Stack J, Claudet J, Horta e Costa B, Gonçalves EJ, Villagomez A, Morgan LM (2024). Conservation Letters.

New framework reveals gaps in US ocean biodiversity protection

Gignoux-Wolfsohn SA, Dunn DC, Cleary J, Halpin PN, Anderson CR, Bax NJ, Canonico G, Chaniotis P, DeLand S, Diorio M, Gaines SD, Grorud-Colvert K, Johnson DE, Levin LA, Lundquist CJ, Manca E, Metaxas A, Monaco ME, Morgan L, Mumby PJ, Nisthar D, Pashkow B, Pike EP, Pinsky ML, Ribera MR, Stanley RRE, Sullivan-Stack J, Sutton TT, Tittensor DP, Weatherdon LV, Wenzel L, Duffy JE (2024). One Earth.

Avoiding the misuse of other effective area-based conservation measures in the wake of the blue economy

Claudet J, Ban NC, Blythe J, Briggs J, Darling E, Gurney GG, Palardy JE, Pike EP, Agostini VN, Ahmadia GN, Campbell SJ, Epstein G, Estradivari, Gill D, Himes-Cornell A, Jonas HD, Jupiter SD, Mangubhai S, Morgan L (2022). One Earth.

Mismatches in scale between highly mobile marine megafauna and marine protected areas

Conners MG , Sisson NB , Agamboue PD , Atkinson PW , Baylis AMM , Benson SR , Block BA , Bograd SJ , Bordino P, Bowen WD , Brickle P, Bruno IM , González CV, Champagne CD , Crocker DE , Costa DP , Dawson TM , Deguchi T, Dewar H, Doherty PD , Eguchi T, Formia A, Godley BJ , Graham RT , Gredzens C, Hart KM , Hawkes LA , Henderson S, Henry RW, Hückstädt LA , Irvine LM , Kienle SS , Kuhn CE , Lidgard D, Loredo SA , Mate BR , Metcalfe K, Nzegoue J, Kouerey OCK , Orben RA , Ozaki K, Parnell R, Pike EP , Robinson PW , Rosenbaum HC , Sato F, Shaffer SA , Shaver DJ , Simmons SE , Smith BJ , Sounguet G-P, Suryan RM , Thompson DR , Tierney M, Tilley D, Young HS , Warwick-Evans V, Weise MJ , Wells RS , Wilkinson BP , Witt MJ , Maxwell SM (2022). Frontiers in Marine Science.

Applying Marine Protected Area Frameworks to Areas beyond National Jurisdiction

Nocito ES, Sullivan-Stack J, Pike EP, Gjerde KM, Brooks CM (2022). Sustainability.

A Scientific Synthesis of Marine Protected Areas in the United States: Status and Recommendations

Sullivan-Stack J, Aburto-Oropeza O, Brooks CM, Cabral RB, Caselle JE, Chan F, Duffy JE, Dunn DC, Friedlander AM, Fulton-Bennett HK, Gaines SD, Gerber LR, Hines E, Leslie HM, Lester SE, MacCarthy JMC, Maxwell SM, Mayorga J, McCauley DJ, Micheli F, Moffitt R, Nickols KJ, Palumbi SR, Pearsall DR, Pike EP, Pikitch EK, Sancho G, Spalding AK, Suman DO, Sykora-Bodie ST and Grorud-Colvert K (2022). Frontiers in Marine Science. Supplementary Materials.

The modeled distribution of corals and sponges surrounding the Salas y Gómez and Nazca ridges with implications for high seas conservation

Georgian S, Morgan L, and Wagner D (2021). PeerJ.

The Salas y Gómez and Nazca ridges: A review of the importance, opportunities and challenges for protecting a global diversity hotspot on the high seas 

Wagner D, Meer LVD, Gorny M, Sellanes J, Gaymer CF, Soto EH, Easton EE, Friedlander AM, Lindsay DJ, Molodtsova TN, Boteler B, Durussel C, Gjerde KM, Currie D, Gianni M, Brooks CM, Shiple MJ, Wilhelm T'A, Quesada M, Thomas T, Dunstan PK, Clark NA, Villanueva I LA, Pyle RL, Clark MR, Georgian SE, Morgan LE. (2021). Elsevier. Factsheet and Map.

The MPA Guide: A framework to achieve global goals for the ocean

Grorud-Colvert K, Sullivan-Stack J, Roberts C, Constant V, Horta e Costa B, Pike EP, Kingston N, Laffoley D, Sala E, Claudet J, Friedlander AM, Gill DA, Lester SE, Day JC, Gonçalves EJ, Ahmadia GN, Rand M, Villagomez A, Ban NC, Gurney GG, Spalding AK, Bennett NJ, Briggs J, Morgan LE, Moffitt R, Deguignet M, Pikitch EK, Darling ES, Jessen S, Hameed SO, Di Carlo G, Guidetti P, Harris JM, Torre J, Kizilkaya Z, Agardy T, Cury P, Shah NJ, Sack K, Cao L, Fernandez M, Lubchenco J. (2021). Science. Supplementary Materials.

Protect high seas biodiversity

Helm RR, Clark N, Harden-Davies H, Amon D, Girguis P, Bordehore C, Earle S, Gibbons MJ, Golbuu Y, Haddock SHD, Houghton JDR, Javidpour J, McCauley DJ, Morgan L, Obura D, Pakhomov EA, Pitt KA, Ramon JJ, Sumaila R, Thiebot JB. (2021). Science. 

Protecting the global ocean for biodiversity, food and climate

Sala E, Mayorga J, Bradley D, Cabral RB, Atwood TB, Auber A, Cheung W, Costello C, Ferretti F, Friedlander AM, Gaines SD, Garilao C, Goodell W, Halpern BS, Hinson A, Kaschner K, Kesner-Reyes K, Leprieur F, McGowen J, Morgan LE, Mouillot D, Palacios-Abrantes J, Possingham HP, Rechberger KD, Worm B, Lubchenco J. (2021). Nature.

Habitat suitability modeling to predict the spatial distribution of cold-water coral communities affected by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Georgian SE, Saunders M, Fisher C, Kramer K, Shedd W, Roberts H, Lewis C, Cordes EE. (2020). Journal of Biogeography.

Data-driven approach for highlighting priority areas for protection in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction
Visalli ME, Best BD, Cabral RB, Cheung WWL, Clark NA, Garilao C, Kaschner K, Kesner-Reyes K, Lam VWY, Maxwell SM, Mayorga J, Moeller HV, Morgan LE, Crespo GO, Pinsky ML, White TD, McCauley DJ. (2020). Marine Policy.

Modelling the environmental niche space and distributions of cold-water corals and sponges in the Canadian northeast Pacific Ocean
Chu J, Nephin J, Georgian SE, Knudby A, Rooper C, Gale K. (2019). Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers.

Ensemble habitat suitability modeling of vulnerable deep-sea taxa in the South Pacific Ocean to inform fisheries management.
Georgian SE, Anderson O, Rowden, A. (2019). Fisheries Research.

Revisiting the "Success" and "Failure" of Marine Protected Areas: A Conservation Scientist Perspective
Giakoumi S, McGowan J, Mills M, Beger M, Bustamine RH, Charles A, Christie P, Fox M, Garcia-Borboroglu P, Gelcich S, Guidetti P, Mackelworth P, Maina JM, McCook L, Micheli F, Morgan LE, Mumby PJ, Reyes LM, White A, Grorud-Colvert K, Possingham HP. (2018). Frontiers in Marine Science.

How much of the ocean is protected?
Morgan LE, Pike B, Moffitt R. (2018). Biodiversity.

Climate change threatens the world's marine protected areas
Bruno JF, Bates AE, Cacciapaglia C, Pike B, Amstrup SC, Hooidonk R, Henson SA, Aronson RB (2018). Nature Climate Change.

Marine Debris on Small Islands: Insights from an Educational Outreach Program in the Spermonde Archipelago, Indonesia
Sur C, Abbott JM, Ambo-Rappe R, Asriani N, Hameed SO, Jellison BM, Lestari HA, Limbong SR, Mandasari M, Ng G, Satterthwaite EV, Syahid S, Trockel D, Umar W, Williams SL. (2018). Frontiers in Marine Science.

Interannual variation and spatial distribution of decapod larvae in a region of persistent coastal upwelling
Hameed SO, Elliott ML, Morgan SG, Jahncke J. (2018) Marine Ecology Progress Series.

The State of Deep‐Sea Coral and Sponge Ecosystems of the United States.
Guinotte JM, Georgian SE, Kinlan BP, Poti M, Davies AJ. Predictive Habitat Modeling for Deep‐Sea Corals in U.S. Waters. In: Hourigan TF, Etnoyer PJ, Cairns SD (eds). NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS‐OHC‐4, Silver Spring, MD. 24 p.

SeaStates US 2017
Marine Conservation Institute (2017)

High-Resolution Habitat Suitability Models for the Conservation and Management of Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems on the Louisville Seamount Chain, South Pacific Ocean
Rowden AA, Anderson OF, Georgian SE, Bowden DA, Clark MR, Pallentin A, Miller A. (2017). Frontiers in Marine Science.

Models of habitat suitability, size, and age-class structure for the deep-sea black coral Leiopathes glaberrima in the Gulf of Mexico
Etnoyer Pj, Wagner D, Fowle HA, Poti M, Kinlan B, Georgian SE, Cordes EE (2017). Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography.

Measuring MPAs in Continental North America: How well protected are the ocean estates of Canada, Mexico, and the USA?
Sabine J, Morgan LE, Bezaury-Creel JE, Barron A, Govender R, Pike EP, Saccomanno VR, Moffitt RA. (2017). Frontiers in Marine Science.

A global biogeographic classification of the mesopelagic zone. 
Sutton TT, Clark MR, Dunn DC, Halpin PN, Rogers AD, Guinotte J, Bograd SJ, Angel MV, Perez JAA, Wishner K, Haedrich RL. (2017). Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers.

Large marine protected areas represent biodiversity now and under climate change
Davies TE, Maxwell SM, Kaschner C, Garilao C, Ban NA. (2017) Scientific Reports.

Incentivizing More Effective Marine Protected Areas with the Global Ocean Refuge System (GLORES)
Hameed SO, Cornick LA, Devillers R, Morgan LE (2017). Frontiers in Marine Science 4:208.

Intra-specific variation reveals potential for adaptation to ocean acidification in a cold-water coral from the Gulf of Mexico
Kurman MD, Gómez CE, Georgian SE, Lunden JJ, & Cordes EE (2017). Frontiers in Marine Science 4:111.

Biological mechanisms of marine invasions
Papacostas KJ, Rielly-Carroll EW, Georgian SE, Long DJ, Princiotta SD, Quattrini AM, Reuter KE, Freestone AL (2017). Marine Ecology Progress Series 565:251-268.

Space for conservation and sustainable use: area-based management in areas beyond national jurisdiction 
Vierros M, Dunn DC, O'Hara T, Grorud-Colvert K, Morgan L, Halpin P. (2016). Nereus Program Policy Brief.

SeaStates US 2016
Marine Conservation Institute (2016)

Biogeographic variability in the physiological response of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa to ocean acidification
Georgian SE, Dupont S, Kurman M, Butler A, Strömberg SM, Larsson AI, Cordes EE. (2016). Marine Ecology 37: 1345-1359

Fish banks: An economic model to scale marine conservation.
Sala E, Costello C, De Bourbon Parme J, Fiorese M, Heal G, Kelleher K, Moffitt R, Morgan L, Plunkett J, Rechberger KD, Rosenberg AA, Sumaila R. (2016). Marine Policy 73:154-161.

Using the IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas to promote conservation impact through marine protected areas.
Wells S, Addison PFE, Bueno PA, Constantini M, Fontaine A, Germain L, Lefebvre T, Morgan L, Staub F, Wang B, White A, Zorrilla MX (2016). Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 26:24-44.

How much longer will it take?: A ten-year review of the implementation of United Nations General Assembly resolutions 61/105, 64/72 and 66/68 on the management of bottom fisheries in areas beyond national jurisdiction.
Gianni M, Fuller S, Currie DEJ, Schleit K, Pike B, Goldsworthy L, Weeber B, Owen S, Friedman A (2016).
Deep Sea Conservation Coalition, 131pp.

Dare to be Deep: SeaStates Report on North America's Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
Jessen S, Morgan L, & Bezaury-Creel J (2016). Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society & Marine Conservation Institute, 52pp.

Pulley Ridge Mesophotic Reef, Gulf of Mexico (Cruise Report)
Brooke S, & Reed J (2016). Waitt Institute, Plan b Expedition, 43pp.

Field validation of habitat suitability models for vulnerable marine ecosystems in the South Pacific Ocean: Implications for the use of broad-scale models in fisheries management
Anderson OF, Guinotte JM, Rowden AA, Clark MR, Mormede S, Davies AJ, Bowden DA (2016). Ocean & Coastal Management 210:110-126.

Developing spatial management options for the protection of vulnerable marine ecosystems in the South Pacific Ocean region
Rowden AA, Clark MR, Lundquist CJ, Guinotte JM, Anderson OF, Julian KA, Mackay KA, Tracey DM, Gerring PK (2015) New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report No. 155, 80pp.

Options for managing impacts of climate change on a deep-sea community
Thresher RE, Guinotte JM, Matear RJ, Hobday AJ (2015). Nature Climate Change 5:635-639

SeaStates G20 2014: How much of the seas are G20 nations really protecting?
Shugart-Schmidt KLP, Pike EP, Moffitt RA, Saccomano VR, Magier SA, & Morgan LE (2015).
Ocean and Coastal Management: Special Issue IMCC 2014 115:25-35.

SeaStates US 2015
Marine Conservation Institute (2015)

Enhancing the Future of the Hawaiian Monk Seal: Recommendations for the NOAA Recovery Program
Chandler W, Douce E, Shugart-Schmidt K, Watson T, Sproat M, Rosenstiel F, Yentes K, Escovar-Fadul X, Laubenstein T (2015). Marine Conservation Institute: 82pp.

Paleoceanographic Insights on Recent Oxygen Minimum Zone Expansion: Lessons for Modern Oceanography
Moffitt S, Moffitt R, Sauthoff W, Davis C, Hewett K, & Hill T (2015). PLoS ONE 10.

Pragmatic Approaches for Effective Management of Pelagic Marine Protected Areas
Maxwell S, Ban N, Morgan L (2014). Endangered Species Research 26:59–74.

Evaluating official marine protected area coverage for Aichi Target 11: appraising the data and methods that define our progress
Thomas H, Macsharry B, Morgan L, Kingston N, Moffitt R, Stanwell-Smith D, Wood L (2014). Aquatic Conservation: Marine Freshwater Ecosystems 24:8–23.

SeaStates G20 2014
Pike E, Shugart-Schmidt K, Moffitt R, Saccomanno V, Morgan L. (2014) Marine Conservation Institute: 18 pp.

Conservation: A To-Do List for the World's Parks - Protect Diverse Marine Habitats
Morgan L. (2014) Nature 515: 28-31.

Future proofing New Zealand's shellfish aquaculture: monitoring and adaption to ocean acidification
Capson T, Guinotte J. (2014)  Report to the New Zealand Government: 42pp.

Expansion of the U.S. Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument
Sala E, Morgan L, Norse E, & Friedlander A. (2014) Report to the United States Government: 36pp.

SeaStates US 2014
Marine Conservation Institute (2014)

Gulf Gems: Treasured Places in Troubled Waters
Shugart-Schmidt, K., Ruff, E., & Gravitz, M. (2014)  Marine Conservation Institute: 32pp.

Predicted Deep-Sea Coral Habitat Suitability for the U.S. West Coast
Guinotte J. & Davies, J. (2014)  PLoS ONE 9(4).

Identifying Ecologically or Biologically Significant Areas (EBSA): A systematic method and its application to seamounts in the South Pacific Ocean
Clark, R., Rowden, A., Schlacher, T., Guinotte, J., Dunstan, P., Williams, A., O'Hara, T., Watling, L., Niklitschek, E. & Tsuchida, S. (2014) Ocean & Coastal Management 91: 65-79.

Plundering the Seas: The Damage from Pirate Fishing on US Fishermen Communities
Gravitz, M., Jennings, L., Shugart-Schmidt, K., Keylon, R. & Solheim, M. (2013) Marine Conservation Institute: 30pp.

Evaluation of New Zealand's High-Seas Bottom Trawl Closures Using Predictive Habitat Models and Quantitative Risk Assessment
Penney, A. & Guinotte, J. (2013) PLUS One 8(12).

One size does not fit all: The emerging frontier in large-scale marine conservation
Toonen, R., Wilhelm, T., Maxwell, S., Wagner, D., Bowen, B., Sheppard, C., Taei, S., Teroroko, T., Moffitt, R., Gaymer, C., Morgan, L., Lewis, N., Sheppard, A., McManus, J., Parks, J., & Big Ocean Think Tank (2013) Marine Pollution Bulletin 77: 7-10.

Foraging of seabirds on pelagic fishes: implications for management of pelagic marine protected areas
Maxwell, S., & Morgan, L. (2013)  Marine Ecology Progress Series 481: 289-303.

Predicting the distribution of vulnerable marine ecosystems in the deep sea using presence-background models
Vierod, A., Guinotte, J., & Davies, A. (2013) Deep-Sea Research II: 43pp.

SeaStates US 2013
Marine Conservation Institute (2013): 30pp.

A proposed biogeography of the deep ocean floor
Watling L, Guinotte, J., Clark, M., & Smith, C., (2013)  Progress in Oceanography 111:91-112.

Mesophotic Coral Reef Ecosystems in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area
Bridge,T. & Guinotte, J. (2013) Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Research Publication no.109.

Climate Change and the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary: Interpreting Potential Futures.
Miller, I., Shishido, C., Antrim, L, & Bowlby, C. (2013) Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series ONMS-13-01. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of National Marine Sanctuaries: 238 pp.

The World’s largest known Gorgonian
Watling L., Rowley, S., & Guinotte, J., (2013) Zootaxa 3630 (1): 198–199.

Trawl fisheries, catch shares and the protection of benthic marine ecosystems: Has ownership generated incentives for seafloor stewardship?
Rieser, A., Watling, L., & Guinotte, J. (2013) Marine Policy 40:75-83.

Examination of Pelagic Marine Protected Area Management, with recommendations for the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument
Maxwell, S. & Morgan, L. (2012) Marine Conservation Institute: 99pp.

Pelagic Fish and Seabird Interrelationships in the Central Tropical Pacific: Methods and Approaches to Study and Management
Maxwell, S. & Morgan, L. (2012) Workshop report by Marine Conservation Institute to NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands Regional Office: 44pp.

A Brief History of Human Activities in the US Pacific Remote Islands
Magier, S. & Morgan, L. (2012) Marine Conservation Institute: 69pp.

Predicted deep-sea coral habitat suitability for the U.S. West Coast
Guinotte, J.  & Davies, A. (2012)  Report to NOAA-NMFS: 85pp.

Global habitat suitability of cold water octocorals
Yesson C, Taylor, M., Tittensor, D., Davies, A., Guinotte, J., Baco-Taylor, A., Black, J., Hall-Spencer, J., & Rogers, A. (2012) Journal of Biogeography: 15pp.

Adapting to the effects of climate change on Australia’s deep marine reserves
Thresher, R., Guinotte, J., Matear, R., Fallon, S. (2012) Report to Australian Government Fisheries Research and Development Corporation: 68pp.

Protecting America’s Pacific Marine Monuments: A Review of Threats and Law Enforcement Issues
Richardson, M. (2012) Marine Conservation Institute: 56pp.

Sustainability of Deep-sea Fisheries
Norse, E., Brooke, S., Cheung, W., Clark, M., Ekeland, I., Froese, R., Gjerde, K., Haedrich, R., Heppell, S., Morato, T., Morgan, L., Pauly, D., Sumaila, R., Watson, R. (2012) Marine Policy 36 (2) 307-320.

Identifying ecologically and biologically significant areas on seamounts
Dunstan, PK, Clark, MR, Guinotte, JM, O’Hara, T, Niklitschek, E, Rowden, AA, Schlacher, T, Tsuchida, S, Watling, L, Williams, A. (2011)
Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 14pp

Global habitat suitability for framework-forming cold-water corals
Davies, A and JM Guinotte, (2011)
PLoS ONE 6(4) e18483

A global seamount classification to aid the design of marine protected area networks
Clark, MR, L Watling, AA Rowden, JM Guinotte, and CR Smith, (2011)
Ocean and Coastal Management 54: 19-36

The impact of deep-sea fisheries and implementation of the UNGA Resolutions 61/105 and 64/72
Weaver, P.P.E., Benn, A., Arana, P.M., Ardron, J.A., Bailey, D.M., Baker, K., Billett, D.S.M., Clark, M.R., Davies, A.J., Durán Muñoz, P., Fuller, S.D., Gianni, M., Grehan, A.J., Guinotte, J., Kenny, A., Koslow, J.A., Morato, T., Penney, A.J., Perez, J.A.A., Priede, I.G., Rogers, A.D., Santos, R.S., Watling, L, (2011).
Report of an international scientific workshop, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 45pp.

Review of Surveillance and Enforcement of Federal Fisheries in the Southeastern US
Sandra Brooke (2011)
Report to the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council, December 2011

Adapting Human Societies to Conservation
David Johns (2010)
Conservation Biology, Volume 24, No. 3

Ecosystem-Based Spatial Planning and Management of Marine Fisheries: Why and How?
Elliott A. Norse (2010)
Bulletin of Marine Science, 86(2): 179–195

Impacts, Perception, and Policy Implications of the Deepwater Horizon Oil and Gas Disaster
Elliott A. Norse and John Amos (2010)
Environmental Law Reporter

Working towards high seas conservation
Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (2010)

Climate Change Impacts - Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries
Joint Working Group of the Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries Advisory Councils (including Dr. Lance Morgan) (2010)

Research Priorities for the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument
Lance Morgan, William Chandler, Emily Douce, Sandra Brooke, John Guinotte, Sarah Myhre (2010)

Ecosystem-Based Spatial Planning and Management of Marine Fisheries: Why and How?
Norse, E.A. (2010)
Bulletin of Marine Science

Using Otolith Chemistry to Investigate Population Structure of Quillback Rockfish in Puget Sound
Paul M. Chittaro, Terrie Klinger, Kevin Telmer, Michael Sanborn, and Lance Morgan (2010)
Northwest Science

Review of potential environmental consequences of the British Petroleum Deepwater Horizon well blow out spill, April 2010
Sandra Brooke, Lance Morgan, and Russell Moffitt (2010)
A quick and dirty assessment of the recent oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico

Surveillance and enforcement of remote maritime areas (SERMA). Surveillance Technical Options (version 1.3)
Sandra D. Brooke, Tse Yang Lim, and Jeff A. Ardron (2010)
Marine Conservation Institute

Comparative depth distribution of corallimorpharians and scleractinians (Cnidaria: Anthozoa)
Fautin, DG, JM Guinotte, and J Orr, (2009)
Marine Ecology Progress Series 397: 63-70

Cruise Report for the Finding Coral Expedition
McKenna SA , Lash J, Morgan L, Reuscher M, Shirley T, Workman G, Driscoll J, Robb C, Hangaard D (2009)
Living Oceans Society

Managing for ocean biodiversity to sustain marine ecosystem services.
Palumbi, S.R., P.A. Sandifer, J.D. Allan, M.W. Beck, D.G. Fautin, M.J. Fogarty, B.S. Halpern, L.S. Incze, J-A. Leong, E.A. Norse, J.J. Stachowicz & D.H. Wall (2009)
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 4:204-211

Observation approaches in ecology open new ground in a changing world
Sagarin, R and A. Pauchard (2009)
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Decline of the Jakarta Bay molluscan fauna linked to human impact
Sancia E.T. van der Meij, Robert G. Moolenbeek, Bert W. Hoeksema (2009)
Marine Pollution Bulletin

How We Fish Matters
Susanna D. Fuller, Candace Picco, Jennifer Ford, Chih-Fan Tsao, Lance E. Morgan, Dorthea Hangaard, Ratana Chuenpagdee (2009)

Marine Ecoregions of North America
Tara A. C. Wilkinson, Ed Wiken, Juan Creel, Thomas F. Hourigan, Tundi Agardy, Hans Herrmann, Lisa Janishevski, Chris Madden, Lance Morgan, and Moreno Padilla (2009)
​Commission for Environmental Cooperation

High Seas Gems:Hidden Treasures of Our Blue Earth
World Commission on Protected Areas, IUCN, Marine Conservation Institute, Chantecaille (2008)

Essential ecological insights for marine ecosystem-based management and marine spatial planning.
Crowder, L.B. and E.A. Norse (2008)
Marine Policy 32(5):772-778

Ocean acidification of the North Pacific Ocean
Feely, R.A., V.J. Fabry, and J.M. Guinotte (2008)

Ocean acidification and its potential effects on marine ecosystems.
Guinotte J.M. and V.J. Fabry (2008)
In The Year in Ecology and Conservation Biology 2008. R.S. Ostfeld & W.H. Schlesinger, Eds. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

Comment on “Modelling susceptibility of coral reefs to environmental stress-using remote sensing data and GIS models”, authors Maina, Venus, McClanahan, and Ateweberhan
Guinotte, J.M. and R.W. Buddemeier (2008)
Ecological Modelling

Ocean Acidification - From Ecological Impacts to Policy Opportunities
John Guinotte, Larissa Sano, et al. (2008)
Current: The Journal of Marine Education

Marine Biodiversity of Costa Rica, Central America.
Norse, E.A. Forward. In I.S. Wehrtmann and J. Cortes, eds. (2008)

EBM Perspective: Ocean Zoning is Inevitable
Norse, Elliott A. (2008)
Marine Ecosystems and Management

Predictive habitat model for deep gorgonians needs better resolution: Comment on Bryan & Metaxas (2007)
Etnoyer, P., L.E. Morgan (2007)
Marine Ecology Progress Series 339: 311–312

Ecosystem-based management as a tool for protecting deep-sea corals in the USA
Morgan, L.E., C.-F. Tsao, J.M. Guinotte (2007)
In Conservation and adaptive management of seamount and deep-sea coral ecosystems. R.Y. George & S.D. Cairns, Eds. Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami.

Corals in deep-water: will the unseen hand of ocean acidification destroy cold-water ecosystems?
Turley, C.M., J.M. Roberts, J.M Guinotte (2007)
Coral Reefs 26: 445-448

How the National Marine Sanctuaries Act Diverged from the Wilderness Act Model and Lost Its Way in the Land of Multiple Use
W.J. Chandler and H. Gillelan (2007)
Watson, Alan; Sproull, Janet; Dean, Liese, comps. Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Eighth World Wilderness Congress symposium; Sept. 30-Oct. 6, 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49.

The Future of the National Marine Sanctuaries Act in the Twenty-first Century
Chandler, William J. (2006)
Master's thesis. Johns Hopkins University. (Large file, 9 MB)

Resolving Mismatches in U.S. Ocean Governance
Crowder, L. B., G. Osherenko, O. R. Young, S. Airamé, E. A. Norse, N. Baron, J. C. Day, F. Douvere, C. N. Ehler, B. S. Halpern, S. J. Langdon, K. L. McLeod, J. C. Ogden, R. E. Peach, A. A. Rosenberg, and J. A. Wilson (2006)
Science 313: 617-618

Sea-surface temperature gradients across blue whale and sea turtle foraging trajectories off the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico.
Etnoyer, P., D. Canny, B.R. Mate, L.E. Morgan, J.G. Ortega-Ortiz, and W.J. Nichols (2006)
Deep-Sea Research II 53: 340-358.

Will human-induced changes in seawater chemistry alter the distribution of deep-sea scleractinian corals?
Guinotte, J., J. Orr, S. Cairns, A. Freiwald, L. Morgan, and R. George (2006)
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 4(3): 141-146

Modeling habitat distribution from organism occurrences and environmental data: case study using anemonefishes and their sea anemone hosts
Guinotte, J.M., J.D. Bartley, A. Iqbal, D.G. Fautin, R.W. Buddemeier (2006)
Marine Ecology Progress Series 316: 269-283

Population and Spatial Structure of Two Common Temperate Reef Herbivores: Abalone and Sea Urchins
Morgan, L.E. and S.A. Shepherd (2006)
In: Marine Metapopulations, J.P. Kritzer and P.F. Sale (eds.) pp. 205-246. Elsevier Academic Press, Burlington.

Status of Deep Sea Coral in US Waters, with Recommendations for their Conservation and Management
Morgan, L.E., C.-F. Tsao, J.M. Guinotte (2006)
Marine Conservation Biology Institute, Bellevue WA. (Large file, 18 MB)

Protecting the least protected places on Earth: The open ocean
Norse, E.A. (2006)
MPA News

The makings of the National Marine Sanctuaries Act
Chandler, W. J., and H. Gillelan (2005)
Marine Conservation Biology Institute, Washington DC

Habitat-forming deep-sea corals in the Northeast Pacific Ocean
Etnoyer, P. and L.E. Morgan (2005)
In: Freiwald, A., R.J. Murray, editors. Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems. Proceedings of the Second Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Erlangen, Germany, September 2003. Springer-Verlag

An assessment of the distribution of deep-sea corals in Atlantic Canada by using both scientific and local forms of knowledge
Gass, S.E. and J.H.M. Willison (2005)
Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems. Proceedings of the Second Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Erlangen, Germany, September 2003. Springer-Verlag

Book review: Kathleen Crane's "Sea Legs: Tales of a Woman Oceanographer"
Gillelan, H. (2005)
International Journal of Maritime History 17:361-362

Bottom Fishing in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands: Is it Ecologically Sustainable?
Heinemann, D., H. Gillelan, and L.E. Morgan (2005)
The Ocean Conservancy and Marine Conservation Biology Institute, Washington D.C. 41pp.

Debunking claims of sustainability: high seas bottom trawl red herrings
Marine Conservation Biology Institute (2005)
Deep Sea Conservation Coalition

Medicines from the deep: the importance of protecting the high seas from bottom trawling
Maxwell, S., H. Ehrlich, L. Speer, and W. Chandler (2005)
Natural Resource Defense Council and Marine Conservation Biology Institute

Deep-Sea Corals: Special Issue of Current, the Journal of Marine Education
MCBI, editors (2005)
Publication of the National Marine Educators Association

Continental-scale Conservation Planning: The Baja California to Bering Sea Region
Morgan, L. E., Etnoyer, J. P., and E. A. Norse (2005)
Place Matters. Oregon State University Press

Marine Priority Conservation Areas: Baja California to the Bering Sea
Morgan, L., S. Maxwell, F. Tsao, T.A.C. Wilkinson, and P. Etnoyer (2005)
Commission for Environmental Cooperation of North America and Marine Conservation Biology Institute

Why the world needs a time-out on high seas bottom trawling
Morgan, L.E., E.A. Norse, A.D. Rogers, R.L. Haedrich, S.M. Maxwell (2005)
Deep Sea Conservation Coalition

Conservation planning using GIS: The Baja California to Bering Sea region. Pp. 174-204 in D.J. Wright and A.J. Scholz, eds. Place Matters: Geospatial Tools for Marine Science, Conservation and Management in the Pacific Northwest.
Morgan, L.E., P. Etnoyer and E.A. Norse (2005)
Oregon State University Press, Corvallis OR

Conservation and management implications of deep-sea coral and fishing effort distributions in the Northeast Pacific Ocean
Morgan, L.E., P. Etnoyer, A.J. Scholz, M. Mertens, M. Powell (2005)
In: Freiwald, A., R.J. Murray, editors. Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems. Proceedings of the Second Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Erlangen, Germany, September 2003. Springer-Verlag

Destructive fishing practices and evolution of the marine ecosystem-based management paradigm
Norse, E.A. (2005)
In: Barnes, P.W., J.P. Thomas, editors. Benthic Habitats and the Effects of Fishing. American Fisheries Society

Pelagic protected areas: The greatest parks challenge of the 21st Century
Norse, E.A. (2005)

Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea’s Biodiversity
Norse, E.A. & L.B. Crowder, eds. (2005)
Island Press

Destructive Fishing Practices and Evolution of the Marine Ecosystem-Based Management Paradigm
Norse, Elliott (2005)
American Fisheries Society Symposium

The Puget Sound/Georgia Basin Region Selected as a Priority Conservation Area in the Baja California to Bering Sea Initiative
Tsao, C.-F., L.E. Morgan and S. Maxwell (2005)
Proceedings of the 2005 Puget Sound Georgia Basin Research Conference, Puget Sound Action Team

Distribution of deep-water Alcyonacea off the northeast coast of the United States
Watling, L., P. Auster (2005)
In: Freiwald, A., R.J. Murray, editors. Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems. Proceedings of the Second Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Erlangen, Germany, September 2003. Springer-Verlag

The history and evolution of the National Marine Sanctuaries Act
Chandler, W.J. and H. Gillelan (2004)
Environmental Law Reporter News and Analysis, 34(6): 10505-10565

Catastrophic decline in mollusc diversity in eastern Tasmania and its concurrence with scallop dredging
Edgar, G.J. and C.R. Samson (2004)
Conservation Biology 18:1579-1588

Persistent pelagic habitats in the Baja California to Bering Sea (B2B) Ecoregion
Etnoyer, P., D. Canny, B. Mate, and L. Morgan (2004)
Oceanography 17(1):90-101

Book review: Dorinda Dallmeyer's "Values at Sea: Ethics for the Marine Environment"
Gillelan, H. (2004)
International Journal of Maritime History 16:242

Book review: Tom Andersen's "This Fine Piece of Water: An Environmental History of Long Island Sound"
Gillelan, H. (2004)
International Journal of Maritime History 16:242

Identifying priority conservation areas from Baja California to the Bering Sea
Morgan, L.E., P. Etnoyer, T. Wilkinson, H. Herrmann, C.-F. Tsao, and S. Maxwell (2004)
In: Munro, Neil, W.P., Tom B. Herman, Karen Beazley, Philip Dearden, editors. Making ecosystem-based management work. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Science and Management of Protected Areas,Victoria, BC, May, 2003. Wolfville, N

MPAs as a management tool for addressing the collateral impacts of fishing gears. In: Munro, Neil, W.P., Tom B. Herman, Karen Beazley, Philip Dearden, editors. Mak
Morgan, L.E., R. Chuenpagdee, S. Maxwell & E.A. Norse (2004)
In: Munro, Neil, W.P., Tom B. Herman, Karen Beazley, Philip Dearden, editors. Making ecosystem-based management work. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Science and Management of Protected Areas,Victoria, BC, May, 2003. Wolfville, N

Deep trouble in deep blue: Decline of great sea predators imperils ocean ecosystems
Norse, E.A. (2004)
Santa Barbara News Press, May 16, Sunday Voices, pp. 1 & 4

Longlines lethal to giants of sea
Norse, E.A. (2004)
Santa Barbara News Press, July 18, Sunday Voices, pp. 1 & 4

Shifting gears: Assessing collateral impacts of fishing methods in the U.S. waters
Chuenpagdee, R., L.E. Morgan, S. Maxwell, E.A. Norse & D. Pauly (2003)
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1(10): 517–524

Why I Care about Sharks
Cook, L. & J. Simonetti (2003)
Big Fish Press

Occurrences of habitat forming deep-sea corals in the Northeast Pacific- A report to NOAA's Office of Habitat Conservation
Etnoyer, P., and L. Morgan (2003)
Marine Conservation Biology Institute and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Homeless fish: Bottom trawls bulldoze seafloor habitat
Gillelan, H. (2003)
Wild Earth 12(4): 34-38

B2B 1.1 CD-ROM: Information for conservation planning - Baja California to the Bering Sea
Marine Conservation Biology Institute (2003)

Workshop Report on Data Gathering for the Baja California to Bering Sea Initiative
Marine Conservation Biology Institute (2003)

Shifting gears: Addressing the collateral impacts of fishing methods in U.S. waters
Morgan, L.E., and R. Chuenpagdee (2003)
Island Press

Marine reserves: the best option for our oceans?
Norse, E.A. (2003)
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9(1): 495-496

How we fish counts
Norse, E.A. (2003)
The Providence Journal. Providence RI, May 16

The way we fish matters a great deal
Norse, E.A. (2003)
Seattle Times, May 19

Time to reel in ill fishing ways
Norse, E.A. (2003)
Tri-City Herald, Kennewick WA, May 22

A zoning approach to managing marine ecosystems
Norse, E.A. (2003)
B. Cicin-Sain, C. Ehler and K. Goldstein, eds. Workshop on Improving Regional Ocean Governance in the United States, University of Delaware Center for the Study of Marine Policy, Newark DE

Marine environmental ethics
Norse, E.A. (2003)
In: Donald Van deVeer and Christine Pierce, eds. Environmental Ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy, Ecology and Economics, Third Edition. Wadsworth/Thomson Learning

Why marine protected areas?
Norse, E.A. (2003)
In: J.P. Beumer, A.Grant and D.C. Smith, eds., Aquatic Protected Areas: What Works Best and How Do We Know? Proceedings of the World Congress on Aquatic Protected Areas, 14-17 August, 2002, Cairns, Australia. University of Queensland Printery

World Wide Web buzz about biodiversity.
Norse, E.A. & J.T. Carlton (2003)
Conservation Biology 17(6):1475-1476

Scientists versus whaling: Whose errors of judgment?
Orians, G., Briand, F., Diamond, J., Colborn, T., Gomez, E., Guillemin, R., Klug, A., Konishi, M., Lubchenco, J., Mee, L., Norse, E.A., Notarbartolo Di Sciara, G., Payne, R., Safina, C., Suzuki, D., Wilson, E.O., & Woodwell, G. (2003)
BioScience 53(3), 202-203

Whales Before Whaling in the North Atlantic
Roman, J., and S.R. Palumbi (2003)
Science 301: 508-510

Overexploiting marine ecosystem engineers: Potential consequences for biodiversity
Coleman, F. C. and S. L. Williams (2002)
Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17(1): 40-44

Zoning-Lessons from the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park
Day, Jon C. (2002)
Ocean and Coastal Management 45:139-156

Measuring Mountains in the Sea
Etnoyer, P. (2002)
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office of Ocean Exploration Website article

What Species is a Bamboo Coral?
Etnoyer, P. (2002)
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office of Ocean Exploration Website article

Highlights of Deep-Sea Corals and Mapping in the Gulf of Alaska
Etnoyer, P. (2002)
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office of Ocean Exploration Website article

Deep-Sea, Cold Water Corals Fact Sheet
Gillelan, H. (2002)
Marine Conservation Biology Institute

Bottom-Trawl Gear Description Fact Sheet
Gillelan, H. (2002)
Marine Conservation Biology Institute

Evidence of the Effectiveness of an 8 inch Size Restriction in the Pacific Fact Sheet
Gillelan, H. (2002)
Marine Conservation Biology Institute

State & Federal Regulations of Trawling Fact Sheet
Gillelan, H. (2002)
Marine Conservation Biology Institute

Importance of Healthy Seafloor Habitats Fact Sheet
Gillelan, H. (2002)
Marine Conservation Biology Institute

Regional Marine Biodiversity: Status and Trends
Gillelan, H. and J. Bachus (2002)
Marine Conservation Biology Institute

Homeless Fish… A National Crisis: Who Will Stop the Bulldozers? Who Will Fund the Shelters?
Gillelan, H., S. Townsend and P. Kline (2002)
American Fisheries Society Annual Symposium, Baltimore, MD

The Baja California-to-Bering Sea Priority Areas mapping initiative and the role of GIS in protecting places in the sea
Morgan, L. and P. Etnoyer (2002)
Marine Geography pp 137-142

Foreword in M. Ruth & J. Lindholm, Dynamic Modeling for Marine Conservation
Norse, E. A. (2002)

Springer and her playmates threatened by the feds
Norse, E.A. (2002)
Seattle Times October 18:B9

Trawling restrictions needed to protect fish, habitat
Norse, E.A. (2002)
Salt Water Sportsman, September:108-114

Dynamic Modeling for Marine Conservation
Norse, E.A. Forward in M. Ruth and J. Lindholm, eds. (2002)
Springer-Verlag, New York NY

Conserving marine biodiversity: the control of biological invasions in the world's oceans
Bax, N., J. T. Carlton, A. Mathews-Amos, R.L. Haedrich, F.G. Howarth, J.E. Purcell and A. Rieser (2001)
Conservation Biology 15(5):1234-1246

Generating DNA sequence information from museum collections of octocoral specimens (Phylum Cnidaria: Class Anthozoa)
Berntson, E. A. and S. C. France (2001)
Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 10:119-129

Three new species of Rostanga from South Africia (Mollusca, Nudibranchia)
Garovoy, J. B., A. M.Valdés and T. M. Gosliner (2001)
Journal of Molluscan Studies 67, 131-144

United States Zones of Jurisdiction over Marine Resources Fact Sheet
Gillelan, H. (2001)
Marine Conservation Biology Institute

Oceans at Risk: Research priorities in marine conservation biology
Hixon, Mark A., P. Dee Boersma, Malcolm L. Hunter, Jr., Fiorenza Micheli, Elliott A. Norse, Hugh P. Possingham and Paul V.R. Snelgrove (2001)
In: Michael E. Soulé and Gordon H. Orians, eds. Conservation Biology: Research Priorities for the Next Decade. Island Press pp. 125-154

Human alteration of food webs: Research priorities for conservation and management
Micheli, F., G.A. Polis, P. D. Boersma, M. A. Hixon, E. A. Norse, P.V.R. Snelgrove and M.E. Soulé (2001)
In: Michael E. Soulé and Gordon H. Orians, eds. Conservation Biology: Research Priorities for the Next Decade. Island Press pp. 31-57

Managing with reserves: Modeling uncertainty in larval dispersal for a sea urchin fishery
Morgan, L. E. and L. W. Botsford (2001)
In: Spatial Processes and Management of Marine Populations, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, AK-SG-01-02, pp.667-684

Mapping initiative: The Baja California to Bering Sea Mapping Initiative
Morgan, L. E. and N. Parks (2001)
In: Conservation Geography, Case Studies in GIS, Computer Mapping and Activism. ESRI Press, pp. 143-144

Marine biological diversity: Conserving life in the neglected 99%
Norse, E. A. (2001)
In: L. Bendell-Young & P. Gallaugher, eds. Waters in Peril. Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 187-199

Affluent elbow in
Norse, E. A. (2001)
Seattle Times, April 25 : B7

Georg Wilhelm Stellar cursed life
Carell, C. and L. E. Morgan (2000)
The Seattle Times, June 4, Opinion

Dragging down the sea
Mathews-Amos, A. (2000)
Calypso Log. October, pp. 9-11.

Networking the seas: A blueprint for marine protected areas
Mathews-Amos, A. (2000)
Calypso Log April

Getting the word out: SCB and the news media
Mathews-Amos, A. (2000)
Society for Conservation Biology Newsletter May Vol. 7 Issue 2

Protecting coral
Norse, E. A. (2000)
New York Times Science Times, September 26 : D3

Historical extinctions in the sea
Carlton, J. T., J. B. Geller, M.L. Reaka-Kudla and E. A. Norse (1999)
Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30: 515-538

Connectivity: maintaining flows in fragmented landscapes
Dodson, A., K. Ralls, M. Foster, M. E. Soulé, D. Simberloff, D. Doak, J. A. Estes, L. S. Mills, D. Mattson, R. Dirzo, H. Arita, S. Ryan, E. A. Norse, R. F. Noss and D. Johns (1999)
In: Michael E. Soulé and John Terborgh, eds. Continental Conservation: Scientific Foundations of Regional Reserve Networks. Island Press, pp.129-171

Marine protected areas (MPAs) and reserves: What's in it for you?
Mathews-Amos, A. (1999)
Hooked on Cod (Cape Cod Hook and Line Association newsletter) 3(2):5

Viewpoints: Marine protected areas and reserves are vital conservation tool
Mathews-Amos, A. (1999)
Gulf of Mexico Science Journal XVI, No. 2 December 1998: 233-234

Marine biodiversity: the true bounty of the seas
Mathews-Amos, A. (1999)
Calypso Log. February, pp. 12-14

SCB and the policy process
Mathews-Amos, A. (1999)
Conservation Biology 13(2):225-226

Turning up the Heat: How Global Warming Threatens Life in the Sea
Mathews-Amos, A.and E. A. Berntson (1999)
World Wildlife Fund

Killer Algae: The True Tale of a Biological Invasion
Meinesz, A. (translated by D. Simberloff) (1999)
University of Chicago Press

(Mostly) species diversity patterns in the sea: Review of Marine Biodiversity: Patterns and Processes by Rupert F.G. Ormond, John D. Gage and Martin V. Angel, eds.
Norse, E. A. (1999)
Ecology 80(1):352-353

The chilling impact of global warming
Norse, E. A. (1999)
Seattle Times June 9, Opinion

Impacts of mobile fishing gear: the biodiversity perspective
Norse, E. A. and L. Watling (1999)
In: Lee R. Benaka, ed. Fish Habitat: Essential Fish Habitat and Rehabilitation. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 22. American Fisheries Society, pp.31-40

The issue of scale in selecting and designing biological reserves
Scott, M. J., E. A. Norse, H. Arita, A. Dodson, J. A. Estes, M. Foster, B. Gilbert, D. Jensen, R. B. Knight, D.L. Mattson and M. E. Soulé (1999)
In: Michael E. Soulé and John Terborgh, eds. Continental Conservation: Scientific Foundations of Regional Reserve Networks. Island Press, pp.19-37

A conceptual model of the impacts of fishing gear on the integrity of fish habitats
Auster, P. J. (1998)
Conservation Biology 12(6):1198-1203

Obstacles to protecting marine biodiversity through marine wilderness preservation: examples from the New England region
Brailóvskaya, T. (1998)
Conservation Biology 12(6):1236-1240

Bottom trawling: Impact interpretation a matter of perspective
Engel, J. and R. Kvitek (1998)
Conservation Biology 12(6):1204-1214

Significance of Bottom-Fishing Disturbance
Kaiser, M. J. (1998)
Conservation Biology 12(6):1230-1235

We need marine research
Mathews-Amos, A. (1998)
The Kodiak Mirror, letter to the Editor. September 11

Net loss: Review of Carl Safina's Song for the Blue Ocean
Norse, E. A. (1998)
Natural History 3/98:10-11

End commercial fishing in Alaska's Glacier Bay
Norse, E. A. (1998)
Seattle Times, May 14: B7

The big questions: Birth and death
Norse, E. A. (1998)
In: John E. Carroll & Keith Warner, OFM, eds. Religion and Ecology: Scientists Speak. Franciscan Press, pp. 303-320

Nowhere to run, nowhere to hide....
Norse, E. A. (1998)
Sea Technology 39 (2):145

Dredging is a threat
Norse, E. A. (1998)
New York Times, letter to the Editor. September 19:A24

Troubled Waters: A Call for Action
Norse, Elliott A. (chief author) and 1,604 other scientists (1998)
Released at the US Capitol, January 6, 1998

Resuspension of sediment by bottom trawling in the Gulf of Maine and potential geochemical consequences
Pilskaln, C. H., J. H. Churchill and L. M. Mayer (1998)
Conservation Biology 12(6):1223-1229

Effects of mobile fishing gear on marine benthos: Introduction.
Watling, L. & E.A. Norse (1998)
Conservation Biology 12(6):1178-1179

Disturbance of the seabed by mobile fishing gear: A comparison with forest clear-cutting
Watling, L. and E. A. Norse (1998)
Conservation Biology 12(6)1180-1197

Short-changing the sea: Our national neglect of valuable marine ecosystems
Mathews-Amos, A. (1997)
Outdoors West 20(1):12-14

Turning the tide
Mathews-Amos, A. (1997)
Global Biodiversity 7(3):2-6

Bottom trawling: The unseen worldwide plowing of the seabed
Norse, E. A. (1997)
NEB Transcript 8(2):8-9

Fisheries depletion: Dumping iron filings in ocean is not a sound solution
Norse, E. A. (1997)
Seattle Times, April 2:B7

Greenwood marine hero
Norse, E. A. (1997)
Bucks County Courier-Times, November 24:8A

Uncharted waters: Conserving marine biological diversity
Norse, E. A. (1997)
In: G.K. Meffe & C.R. Carroll, eds. Principles of Conservation Biology, 2nd ed., Sinauer, pp.94-97

Marine biodiversity budget
Norse, E. A. and A. Mathews-Amos (1997)
Science 275(5304):1246

Landlubbers point the way to marine conservation
Norse, E. A. and M. E. Soulé (1997)
Seattle Times, May 29:B7

Scant emphasis on marine biodiversity
Irish, K. E. and E. A. Norse (1996)
Conservation Biology 10(2):680

Principles for the conservation of wild living resources
Mangel, Marc, and 41 co-authors, including Elliott A. Norse (1996)
Ecological Applications 6(2):338-362

Threats to biological diversity: A scientific and political overview
Norse, E. A. (1996)
COEJL Summer:11-15

Climate change pushes Northwest forests
Norse, E. A. (1996)
Seattle Times, December 3:B5

A river that flows to the sea: The marine biological diversity movement
Norse, Elliott (1996)
Oceanography 9(1):5-9



2011, Jan. Advances in information and understanding of deep-sea ecosystems. Deep-sea Fisheries Management: challenges and opportunities. TNC, Arlington, VA, USA.

2011, Jan. The Challenges and Opportunities of Working in Trans-boundary and High Seas MPAs. NOAA HQ, Silver Spring, MD, USA.

2011, Jan. Use of Systematic Conservation Planning Tools in the Context of the Nunavut Land Use Plan. Environment Canada planning workshop, Ottawa, Canada.


2010, Dec. High Seas Conservation Science & Policy:  issues, opportunities and challenges. Environmental Law Institute, Washington, DC, USA.

2010, Dec. Decision Support Tools for Conservation Planning in Settled Landscapes. University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

2010, Nov. The SERMA Project: Surveillance & Enforcement of Remote Maritime Areas.
Maritime Business and Technology Summit, San Diego, California, USA.

2010, Nov. High Seas Partnerships. Global Environmental Facility, Washington, DC, USA.

2010, Oct. Candidate EBSA web submission tool. Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative side-event, CBD COP 10, Nagoya, Japan.

2010, Oct. High Seas Conservation Science & Policy:  issues, opportunities and challenges. ESABII and NaGISA Joint Conference in Commemoration of the CBD COP10, Nagoya, Japan.

2010, July. High seas and World Heritage designation. Marine World Heritage Expert Workshop, Vilm, Germany.

2010, July. CBD, OSPAR, HELCOM, criteria & methods. Marine World Heritage Expert Workshop, Vilm, Germany.

2010, June. Stakeholders, tech. issues, & uncertainty. Decision Support for MPA Network Planning in Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

2010, June. Issues, Processes, Tools, & Applications. Decision Support for MPA Network Planning in Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

2010, May. Multi-criteria decision-making: EBSAs & MPA networks. Global Oceans Forum, Paris, France.

2010, May. Trans-Atlantic Indicators Project: the need for simplified reporting in large ocean areas, such as the high seas. Global Oceans Forum, Paris, France.

2010, Mar. Marine conservation on the high seas: strategies to move forward with limited knowledge. NOAA HQ, Silver Spring, MD, USA.

2010, Feb. Lessons learned from the European / OSPAR process for designation high seas MPAs. Sargasso Sea Workshop, Hamilton, Bermuda.

2010, Feb. The Pieces are Coming together: CBD Ottawa Workshop and beyond. Side event to the UN Ad Hoc Open-ended Informal Working Group on issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity beyond areas of national jurisdiction.

2010, Jan. Protecting areas in the high seas & the Ottawa CBD workshop outcomes. Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative, analytical planning meeting, Cambridge, UK.

2010, Jan. Predicting distributions of cold-water corals: Fishing closures & scleractinia. Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative, analytical planning meeting, Cambridge, UK.


2009, Dec. CBD criteria, GOBI guidance & an example analysis. MPA News / EBM Tools Network webinar.

2009, Dec. Efficiencies in crowded seas: systematic decision support tools. Sea Change Conference, London.

2009, Dec. Systematic Conservation Planning: Tools and related concepts. HELCOM (Helsinki Commission), Helsinki, Finland.

2009, Nov. The developing international context & the meeting’s objectives. Surveillance and Enforcement of Remote Maritime Areas (SERMA), NOAA HQ, Silver Spring, MD, USA.

2009, Oct. Seamount classification: steps towards global MPA network design. Expert workshop of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Ottawa, Canada.

2009, Oct. Global Predictive Habitat Mapping: Cold-water corals & their conservation. Expert workshop of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Ottawa, Canada.

2009, Sept. Systematic Conservation Planning: Tools and related concepts. University of Gothenburg, Strömstad, Sweden.

2009, Sept. Cold-water corals, fishing closures, & Scientists’ Statement of Concern. Side event to the UN General Assembly. New York City, USA.

2009, June. Predicting the distribution of cold-water corals, protections to date, & future applications. Preparatory workshop to the CBD expert meeting, Durham, USA.

2009, June. Predicting the distribution of cold-water corals: protections to date. Side event to the UN informal consultative process on the Law of the Sea Convention. New York, USA.

2009, June. Marine spatial planning at home and abroad: broad scale issues require bold collaborations. GeoTec Conference, Vancouver, Canada.

2009, May. Selection of open-ocean MPAs: The theory and the reality. International Marine Conservation Congress, Fairfax, USA.

2009, May. Linking Deep Sea Science to International Decisions. High Seas all-day side event, International Marine Conservation Congress, Fairfax, USA.

2009, April. Review of CBD & FAO Decisions, Criteria, & Work to Date: Issues confronting the deep oceans. ICES Deep Sea Symposium, the Azores, Portugal.

2009, April. Planning Protected Areas: Social & Economic Data vs Public Participation...
Be clear what you’re wishing for
. Socioeconomic planning workshop, Reading, UK

2009, Mar. Protecting areas in the high seas & dealing with the unknown. Deep-sea mining workshop and colloquium, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, USA.

2009, Jan. Planning, Tools, & Climate Change: Using what we know to manage what we don’t know.  UNEP expert workshop:EBM and Climate Change, Copenhagen.

2009, Jan. MPAs and marine spatial planning: the developing international picture. Coastal Futures conference, London.


2008, Dec. Now that there are global criteria to identify candidate MPAs in the high seas…
How will we collect and link together the scientific and technical advice?
2012 Marine Targets: European Marine Strategy and issues in the High Seas. French EU Presidency, Brest.

2008, Oct. High Seas Gems: hidden treasures of our blue earth. IUCN World Conservation Congress, Barcelona, Spain. Co-presented with Carl Gustaf Lundin & Olivia Chatecaille. Same presentation also delivered to National Geographic Headquarters, Washington DC.

2008, Sept. BC ecology & thoughts about marine spatial protection. Invited presentation to private funders meeting hosted by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, held in Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Meetings, Conferences and Workshops

Symposia Hosted by Marine Conservation Institute


International Marine Conservation Congress 2 (IMCC2), Victoria BC

  • Oceans without borders, conservation science without borders: the Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (GOBI)



International Marine Conservation Congress, Fairfax VA

  • Congressional Advocacy Day: Communicating with Congress concerning conservation, International Marine Conservation Congress
  • How will conservation science meet policy requirements on the high seas?
  • Three stages in the evolution of marine ecosystem-based management: ‘Exploitation everywhere,’ marine reserves, and comprehensive ecosystem-based ocean zoning
  • Selection of open-ocean MPAs: the theory and the reality
  • Fisheries and Aquaculture II

Linking Deep Sea Science to International Decisions: Vulnerable and Ecologically Significant Areas, ICES Deep Sea Symposium, Azores, Portugal


American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Boston MA

  • Dragnet—Bottom trawling, the world’s most severe and extensive seafloor disturbance
  • Ocean iron fertilization and carbon sequestration: Can the oceans save the planet?
  • Will too few jaws take too big a bite? The importance of sharks to ocean ecosystems


American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), San Francisco CA

  • The world’s last wildlife hunt: Deep-sea fisheries
  • Ocean acidification: Past, present and future consequences
  • Roving Bandits, complex systems and the closing blue frontier

Spatial management: An ecosystem-based way of protecting marine biodiversity and separating incompatible uses, Coastal Zone 2007, Portland OR


Management for Spatial and Temporal Complexity in Ocean Ecosystems, Society for Conservation Biology Annual Meeting, San Jose CA


The Forgotten Forests: Deep-Sea Coral and Sponge Beds, AAAS Annual Meeting, Seattle WA

Workshops Hosted by Marine Conservation Institute


Puget Sound Workshop on Ocean Acidification, Seattle WA

Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (GOBI) Scientific Steering Committee, Washington DC


Human Uses of the Ocean

  •  California North Coast, Eureka CA
  •  California North Central Coast, San Rafael CA
  •  California South Central Coast, Monterey CA

Criteria for Web-Based Mapping of Ocean Uses – Workshop, Palo Alto, CA

Research Priorities for the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument, Honolulu HI

Finalization of a global seamount classification, Honolulu Hawaii

Surveillance and Enforcement in Remote Managed Areas Workshop, Silver Spring MD


Understanding Human Use Mapping, San Francisco CA

Human Uses of the Ocean, California South Coast, Costa Mesa CA


NGO Strategy Meeting on NMSA reauthorization, Key West FL

How We Fish Matters, Lunenberg Nova Scotia, Canada

Conflicts and Compatibilities of Human Uses, Monterey CA


Sea to Shining Sea Teacher Workshop, online


Sustainability of Deep Sea Fisheries, Miami FL


Workshop on Status of Deep Sea Corals, Seattle WA


Workshop on Identifying Priority Conservation Areas for the North American Pacific, British Columbia, Canada

Technical Review of Data and Synthesis for the Baja California to Bering Sea Region, Seattle WA and San Francisco CA


Ecological Impacts of Fishing Methods, Seattle WA

Baja California to the Bering Sea Data Potluck Workshop, Portland OR


Workplanning Workshop for the Baja California to Bering Sea Region, Monterey CA


Second Symposium on Marine Conservation Biology, San Francisco CA

Establishing a National System of Marine Protected Areas in the United States, Washington DC


Gulf of Maine Priority Areas Workshop, Boston MA


First Symposium on Marine Conservation Biology, Victoria BC, Canada


Effects of Bottom Trawling on Marine Ecosystems, ME